Daya Saing Komoditas Tembakau Indonesia Dan Implikasinya Terhadap Produksi Dalam Negeri

Mohtar Rasyid, Henny Oktavianti, Anita Kristina


Tobacco is one of Indonesia's unique agricultural commodities. During the slowdown global market for tobacco products, Indonesia still has a relatively important position. This considerable potential is relatively difficult to maintain because both internally and externally, the commodity of tobacco which is the main ingredient of cigarettes, faces very fierce obstacles. This study aims to analyze the competitiveness of tobacco commodities in Indonesia during the period 1970-2016. The competitiveness indicator used is the trade balance index. The method used is quantitative descriptive and regression methods to evaluate the association between competitiveness indicators and their main determinants: production. The results showed that at the beginning of the period of development, tobacco products had good competitiveness. However, entering the 1990s the position of the tobacco trade was reversed. On the other hand, demand for tobacco consumption and the prevalence of smoking in Indonesia are always increasing. As a result, the tendency to weaken competitiveness shown by import penetration will continue. The implication is that the government must stem tobacco imports to achieve two goals at once: improve the tobacco trade balance and hold the smoking prevalence rate that tends to increase. 


competitiveness, tobacco, production, trade, prevalence

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